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Baku Azerbaijan- A Complete Information Guide Of Baku- The Capital City

Baku Azerbaijan travel diaries
Featured Image - Baku Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a place of different stories and legends. It is a small State which lies on the shores of the Caspian Sea and has borders with Iran, Armenia, Georgia, and Russia. The people in this country mostly practice Islam. Baku Azerbaijan is the capital and the beautiful city of Azerbaijan.

It is the most beautiful world’s cities resides at the joint of Europe and Asia. The capital’s name itself takes a meaning of a“wind blow”, “city of winds” or “hill”, “city on the hill”.

A city of two million people, fast-growing it feels dynamic and youthful. Half of the population is under 30, which may account for its frequent listing as one of the world’s hottest spots for nightlife.

Baku Geographical Location & Climate

baku azerbaijan- geographical location
Geographical Location

Geographically, The Baku Azerbaijan is located on the Absheron Peninsula on the central easternmost side of Azerbaijan facing the Caspian Sea. 

The population of Baku is approximately 2,080,000. It is famous as the windy city and experiences warm summers with cold and sometimes the snow accompanies in winters. If you are traveling to Azerbaijan, you must be planning to visit Georgia as well and Kutaisi is the famous city of Georgia. There are many churches and many other places to visit. The weather conditions are common as of Azerbaijan. 

Baku Azerbaijan- Language, Currency & Religion

Azerbaijani is the official language of Azerbaijan as in Baku. It is the most common language while people speak Lezgi, Russian, and Armenian too but they are less common. The official currency of Azerbaijan is the Manat.

The different religions that exist in it are as follows:

  • There are 5% Muslim
  • 5% Russian Orthodox
  • Same as 5% Armenian Orthodox
  • And 5% Other

Muslim make the majority of the population even then Azerbaijan provides religious freedom.

 

Baku Azerbaijan Tourism

Baku is very interesting and an amazing place to visit. There are a lot of attractions and some of them are as follows:

Maiden’s Tower

Baku- maiden's tower

In Baku, there is an old tower name as Maiden Tower, a much-loved symbol of the city and of Azerbaijan. It looks dark and enigmatic. The origins of the tower are totally covered in mystery no-one really knows for certain when it was built or what it was built for or even how it came to named as Maiden Tower. It is one of the Baku Azerbaijan points of interest.

Ateshgah

Baku- Capital of Azerbaijan- Ateshgah

Ateshgah is also known as The Temple of Eternal Fire. It is an authentic Azerbaijani exotic. Ateshgah is well-known practically all over the world. It is located 30 km from the center of Baku Azerbaijan in the suburb of Surakhany. The temple in its present state was constructed in the 17th-18th centuries. It was built by the Hindus of Baku community related to Sikhs.

Bail Castle

Baku- Capital of Azerbaijan- Bail Castle

Bail Castle has different names like Sabail Castle, Shakhri Saba, Shakhri Nau, the underwater city. The “Bail Stones” is shrouded in legends. It is not surprising, because this unusual castle is under water, 350 meters from the shore.

Other Attractions are listed below:

  • Icheri Sheher
  • Qala
  • Cathedral of the Holy Myrrh-Bearers
  • Mud Volcanoes
  • Qobustan
  • Shirvanshah Palace Complex

Cultural Baku

Baku- Cultural

It is the largest cultural center of Baku Azerbaijan. It is the place having a national theatre. The first Azerbaijan newspaper was published in Baku, the first Azerbaijan library was opened there. Today there are  30 museums, 7 theatres, 11 institutions of higher education, Philharmonic, opera theatre, a film studio in Baku. There are cinema theaters and libraries housed in the city’s most beautiful buildings having an interior decoration

Industrial Baku

Baku- industrial

It is the largest industrial center. This is the place with an ancient oil field, well-known Oil Stones, unique plant of deep water foundations, high-capacity derrick barges, and modern drilling floating units. It is also famous for the development of oil refineries, petrochemical, chemical, light, food, engineering branches of industry, oil equipment production, building materials, instrumentation, electrical engineering and radio electronics, shipbuilding. One of the importance of Baku Azerbaijan is that it is a large rail junction and port terminal in the Caspian Sea

Things To Do In Baku

Baku is a place to do different interesting things in different manners. You can enjoy a lot of foodies stuff in Baku. Some of the things are as follows:

Eat like a king

Baku- food

Baku Azerbaijan is a splendidly budget-friendly city where even backpackers can afford to eat like royalty. There is a long list of cocktails, but we love the fresh pomegranate juice and simple feijoa compote, the latter a sweet juice made with feijoa fruit most typically associated with Brazil. Azerbaijan is very famous for its food. Get the list of top food in Azerbaijan. Try every kind of food.

Haggle for a carpet

Baku- carpets

Baku is an ancient center of carpet weaving. You can be sure that it has different types of rugs to sell you. The carpet museum has a stocks rugs of both wool and silk with cotton, and only those handmade within Azerbaijan using traditional methods and themes.

Eat Azeri cuisine

Baku- Azeri Cuisine

In Baku Azerbaijan at Sehrli Tender restaurant in the Old City, its menu contains a list of everything you shouldn’t leave Azerbaijan without tasting. The star of the show here, however, is the open tandoor oven at the entrance, where the restaurant’s resident baker tends to the bread cooking inside. If you are a real foodie you would never miss the list of famous food all over the world.

See Zaha Hadid’s architecture

Baku- Zaha Hadid architecture

 It is a masterwork of Zaha Hadid’s firm and no doubt splendid from every angle, inside and out. And you must go inside. Entry is 15 manat (£6.90). After all the survey Finish your visit by prancing through its gardens of modern art sculptures, flower fields, and waterfalls while taking another few hundred photos of the building.

Interesting Facts About Baku

Baku- interesting facts

It is easily the most cosmopolitan city in the Caucasus. There are few cities that are evolving as quickly as the Azeri capital, where East and West blend beautifully. Some of the interesting facts about Baku Azerbaijan are as follows.

Fact 1 

baku- facts

The first fact about this amazing city is that it is the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. It is the largest city in the world.

Fact 2

baku- facts

According to the research of 2002, the city has hosted at least 36 major sporting events and is hosting the 2015 European Games.

Fact 3

baku- facts

In 2009 after the research, Lonely Planet ranked the city at number eight for one of the top 10 cities for nightlife partying.

Fact 4

Baku- Capital of Azerbaijan- facts

The State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic’s headquarters is present in Baku Azerbaijan and in 2007. It was placed 16th out of the world’s top 100 companies.

Fact 5

Baku- facts

The city has a lot of people having leading chess skills and it hosts international tournaments every year such as Baku Chess Grand Prix and Baku Open.

Fact 6

facts of Baku

Azerbaijani jazz began developing in 2005 in Baku Azerbaijan. Its International Jazz Festival occurs annually and features some of the world’s most popular jazz names.

Fact 7

Baku- facts

National Government has preserved different sections of greenery in Baku or they are designated as green zones since the green belt is lacking in the city because of economic activity.

Fact 8

Baku facts

Everyone knows about the existence of petroleum since the 8th century, since then it is Baku’s largest industry.

Fact 9

Baku- facts

There are two winds that blow throughout the year that is why it named “City of Winds” which are the cold Northern winds or the Khazri, and the warm southern wind, the Gilavar. 

Fact 10

It was designated as the Islamic Culture Capital in 2009 and it concludes the last fact. Historical places are the attraction for many people and this building is one of them.

To be quite honest, People had low expectations going in, but the city really caught people with different surprises and the people noticed that It is a big mix of cultures in Baku Azerbaijan. The new things came from the modern skyline and various urban attractions around the city. 

Written by Ume Ibada

Ume Ibada is a passionate author at Express Blogger.

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